• Causes Of Preterm Birth

    Causes Of Preterm Birth

    Causes Of  Preterm Birth

    Most Preterm deliveries occur spontaneously, but the most common causes of preterm birth include multiple pregnancies, infections and medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Newer causes such as advanced maternal age and the greater use of infertility treatment have also been linked with greater preterm births.

    Complications of Premature Birth

    The risks of possible complications with premature delivery are closely linked with the gestation age and birth weight of the newborn, so the earlier and lower the birth weight the greater the risk. Most complications could be divided into 2 based on time of presentation of symptoms after birth
    Short-term complications
    Respiratory distress: due to lung immaturity
    Congenital heart defects such as patent ductus arteriosus
    Intraventricular hemorrhage
    Hypothermia due to lack of adequate subcutaneous fat and shivering mechanism
    GIT problems: due to gut immaturity
    Anaemia and jaundice
    Susceptibility to infections
    Most of this complications are usually apparent at birth or shortly afterwards and if not properly managed could lead to death or possibly contribute to long-term complications.

    martmedicare Causes of PretermBirth

    Long term Complications

    Cerebral Palsy: which affects movement and posture due to injury to the developing brain
    Impaired cognitive skills: premature babies are more likely to lag behind term babies in milestone achievements
    Visual problems: due to retinopathy of prematurity
    Hearing problems
    Dental problems
    Chronic health issues


    Reasons for Preterm Delivery:

    Maternal Indications:

    Most Common indications for medical intervention resulting in preterm birth:

    • Preeclampsia
    • Fetal distress
    • Small for gestational age
    • Placental abruption
    • Less common causes
    • Chronic hypertension
    • Placenta previa
    • Unexplained bleeding
    • Diabetes
    • Renal diseases
    • RH isoimmunization
    • Congenital malformations
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